A Tailoring Criteria Model for Agile Practices Adoption



Software development community adopts agile methods in several different ways considering
specific contextual needs. In order to fulfill the organization needs, there are adoption
strategies based on agile practices tailoring. Agile practices selection to be adopted according
to the organization’s context is still a problem to be resolved. There are literature
work on software method tailoring criteria but not on the agile methods area. This scenario
raises the following research question: What is the impact of software method
tailoring criteria on agile practices adoption? To answer this question, the first
step was to review the literature to define which tailoring criteria were available. Then,
based on the tailoring criteria, a model for agile practices adoption was proposed. Data
has been gathered by a survey among agile practitioners and the proposed model was
evaluated using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). The systematic
literature review results showed that agile methods tailoring is an active research
theme, the majority of the research used empirical research procedures, the majority of
the tailoring approaches proposed on the literature are not specific to an agile method
and that tailoring is normally implemented using method engineering approaches. The
proposed model has been validated and the results present a moderate influence of the
external environment, previous knowledge and internal environment tailoring criteria on
agile practices adoption. The results also indicate that organizations tend to use hybrid or
custom software methods and select agile practices according to their needs. The proposed
model can help organizations to select agile practices for adoption based on the level of
importance of each of the tailoring criteria has on the organization’s context.

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