UMA PROPOSTA PARA VISUALIZAÇÃO DE LINKED DATA SOBRE ENCHENTES NA BACIA DO RIO DOCE

PATRÍCIA CAROLINA NEVES DE AZEVEDO

Resumo


Dentre as necessidades da população acerca das enchentes na Bacia do Rio Doce está a transparência das informações de interesse público e a preocupação na capacidade de percepção e compreensão dessas informações. A disponibilização de dados governamentais abertos oferece,
para os usuários interessados, a facilidade de combinar e misturar esses dados com o objetivo de agregar valor. Os Sistemas de Informação Geográfica, agregados à tecnologia Web Semântica, permitem que a integração de dados e conhecimento, distribuídos por várias fontes heterogêneas, sejam substancialmente mais fáceis e eficientes, potenciando a descoberta e a partilha de novos conhecimentos. Em conjunto com a adoção dessas tecnologias, surge o conceito de Linked Data, um conjunto de princípios e técnicas cujo objetivo é interligar dados de fontes distintas e ampliar a rede de dados já existente. O objetivo deste trabalho é elucidar a questão de pesquisa: quais são os conceitos e tecnologias que permitem integrar e disponibilizar os dados relacionados às enchentes na Bacia do Rio Doce? Para isso, utilizando a metodologia experimental
criou-se um dataset e um protótipo de aplicação capaz de obter dados heterogêneos, relacionados a inundações na Bacia do Rio Doce, de diversas organizações públicas integrá-los e disponibilizá-los para visualização em um Sistema de Informação Geográfica. Outros dados pertinentes foram incluídos com o objetivo de agregar conhecimento ao usuário final. Para tal, os dados foram convertidos para o formato RDF, interligados e visualizados com auxílio de consultas SPARQL. O estudo tem a metodologia experimental, com base em prova de conceito e a Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Doce é a unidade de análise. Como resultado, obteve-se a implementação das técnicas e princípios da Web Semântica em um SIG e a disponibilização, para reuso, de um dataset contendo os dados da Bacia do Rio Doce, do ano de 2012, nos padrões RDF. Conclui-se, por meio do experimento, que as tecnologias Web Semântica e SIG dão o suporte necessário para a visualização e disponibilização de dados visando à transparência governamental.


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